Without the U.S. energy grid, life as we know it simply grinds to a halt. Businesses can’t serve customers. Homes don’t have power. Traffic lights no longer work. We depend on the grid operating reliably each and every day for business and personal tasks. That makes it even more crucial to defend our energy grid from modern threats.

Physical threats to the energy grid

Since day one, the grid has been vulnerable from a physical perspective. Storms knocking the grid offline is common news. But Forbes reported that solar storms — when explosions occur on the sun’s surface and create solar flares from particles — pose an even bigger threat. There have been more than 100 solar storms in the past 150 years. While weather prediction technology continues to develop, the grid likely will always be vulnerable to some degree from these types of threats.

While physical threats from humans have always posed a risk to the grid, attacks have increased in recent years. According to the Department of Energy, 2022 saw an increase of 77% in physical attacks on the grid. Numerous credible threats and potential attacks have happened in recent years, including the shooting of substations in Moore County, North Carolina, which shut down power for residents.

Cybersecurity threats are an increasing concern

According to the Threat Intelligence Index report, the energy sector made up 10.7% of all cyberattacks X-Force responded to during 2022, making energy the fourth most attacked industry. In North America, energy companies suffered 20% of attacks, making energy the most attacked industry.

However, the type of attacks varied. Most attacks (40%) were started by cyber criminals exploiting a public-facing application. Both spear phishing links and external remote services made up 20% of energy sector attacks. Other types of attacks included data theft (23%), extortion (23%), ransomware (15%), BEC (15%), credential harvesting (15%) and botnet infections (19%).

The unrest resulting from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine also increased concern over cyberattacks on the energy grid, especially from the Killnet group. In early 2023, Killnet stole the personal information of over 10,000 U.S. federal agents after breaching the FBI’s database. However, energy sectors fit Killnet’s attack profile for distributed denial of service (DDoS) threats. Experts recommend partnering with a third-party DDoS mitigation provider.

Reducing vulnerabilities of the energy grid

The energy grid’s aging infrastructure and legacy technology significantly increases the risk of attacks. Forbes reported that components at the end of their life cycle increase the risk of cascading failures. By focusing on upgrading technology and equipment to modern, cloud-based technology, companies can reduce their vulnerabilities.

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