The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has announced proposed changes that would amend part of the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). According to the National Law Review, the changes affect customer due diligence (CDD) requirements for certain covered financial institutions. These include mutual funds, brokers or dealers in securities, future commission merchants and introducing brokers in commodities. Comments and feedback on these proposed changes are due by Oct. 3, 2014.
Details of the FinCEN Proposal
The proposed changes to the BSA add more requirements to anti-money-laundering (AML) programs and customer identification programs (CIP) in the form of CDD requirements. These CDD requirements would apply to all covered financial institutions under the USA PATRIOT Act. They force customers to document beneficial ownership for their legal entity (i.e., mutual funds and brokerage accounts) and codify the requirements.
FinCEN’s proposed rules to revise the current AML requirements for CDD address the following:
- Identify and authenticate a customer’s identity, which is currently a requirement of the existing CIP rules.
- Identify, authenticate and understand beneficial owners of a legal entity (i.e., an association, partnership, proprietorship, corporation or trust).The rule states that a beneficial owner will be anyone with a 25 percent or more equity interest of the entity or has significant management responsibilities within the entity.
FinCEN is also proposing an update requiring a fifth pillar to AML compliance. This pillar would address CDD and would require covered financial institutions to understand the use and purpose of their customers’ relationship, and implement ongoing monitoring.
Currently, the pillars are:
- Designate a compliance officer.
- Development of internal policies, procedures and controls.
- Ongoing and relevant training of employees.
- Independent testing and review.
These proposed CDD requirements have been a widely discussed topic for both U.S. and international law enforcement and regulatory agencies for quite some time. Fraudsters, criminal organizations and terrorists are known to abuse legal entities for their advantage. Having the ability to identify individuals who own these legal entities and do business within the U.S. financial system will greatly assist in reducing this type of abuse.
FinCEN’s first publication regarding the proposed CDD requirements was released in March 2012 and set the stage for coding and enhancing these CDD requirements. The current proposal is partly a product of the 2012 regulatory process and collaboration with other interested regulatory agencies (the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Reserve Board, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Securities and Exchange Commission, and Commodity Futures Trading Commission).
If approved, this proposal would identify beneficial owners of legal entity customers and add this CDD component as a fifth pillar to BSA/AML programs.