IBM Study Shows Consumers Don’t Trust Social Networks With Identity Data

These are difficult times for social media services. Between the co-opting of conversations by armies of automated bots and concerns about identity theft and bullying, some of the best-known online gathering spots are being forced to make some tough choices about how they rebuild the public’s trust.

IBM’s new “Future of Identity Study” provided another indication of the issues they confront. The survey of nearly 4,000 adults from around the globe found that social networks fare poorly in customer perceptions about their ability to safeguard identity data. For example, when asked what types of institutions they trust most with biometric data used to access sensitive services, only 15 percent of respondents — and 12 percent of U.S. respondents — cited social media networks, compared to 48 percent who said they trust financial institutions with such data.

Healthcare and insurance providers, along with online shopping sites, fared significantly better than social media providers on this question.

Figure 1: Authentication methods perceived as most secure (global perspective)

It’s not that people expect enterprise-grade identity protection from every site they visit. Respondents also said they’re more inclined to trade off security and privacy for convenience when using social media than in any other category.

The Risks of Collecting Identity Data

Some social networks house a lot of personally identifiable information (PII), including names of family members, employment history, home addresses and school affiliations. When combined with a password or Social Security number, fraudsters can use this information to steal a user’s identity or compromise sensitive accounts.

Many people now also use their social networking accounts to authenticate to other applications and services, which may contain credit card numbers, purchasing histories, street addresses, phone numbers and records of relationships with other people. That means an attacker who compromises one social network can potentially break into other protected sites as well.

Figure 2: App or account types respondents cared most to protect (global perspective)

All of this puts social networks in a tenuous position regarding security. Their bread and butter is member activity, so providers are understandably reluctant to put up any barriers to a seamless experience. For that reason, many either don’t support two-factor authentication (2FA) or leave it as an optional feature.

In addition, most networks make money by collecting detailed information about their members and using it to create profiles for targeted advertising. The more information users volunteer about themselves or disclose through their activity, the more advertising dollars social networks can charge, so they aren’t going to stop collecting identity data anytime soon.

The IBM study suggested that balancing these factors will be increasingly difficult. If member trust declines, people will be less likely to volunteer private information, which ultimately impacts the network’s bottom line. Lowering barriers to membership may boost activity, but it also increases the incidence of fraudulent accounts, account theft, impersonation and the use of bots to boost follower numbers. All of that adds up to declining trust.

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Re-Establishing Customer Trust

Social networks should take the results of the IBM research into account as they evolve their security practices and the ways in which they collect identity data. The bottom line is that they need to focus on re-establishing trust, even if it means sacrificing some speed and convenience.

Fortunately, the study indicated that users may be more tolerant of visible security features in their digital experiences: Nearly three-quarters said they’re willing to use multifactor authentication (MFA) for additional security, despite the minor inconvenience it introduces. Another 87 percent said they’re open to using some form of biometric security in the future.

Following a year in which social networks took some body blows, gaining back trust should be a high priority. Making a few modifications to existing identity practices is a good start.

For more insights about changing views on user authentication and advice on how organizations can adapt, download IBM Security’s “Future of Identity Study.”

Read the complete IBM Study on The Future of Identity

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Jasen Meece

Director of Identity and Access Management Offerings and Strategy

Jasen is the director of offering and strategy for Identity and Access Management at IBM. In this position, he is responsible for IBM's strategy and delivery of identity governance, access management, and the convergence with fraud and user risk. Previously, he was Managing Partner in IBM's Security group focusing on cloud identity services and cyber risk management. He has held executive leadership positions at KPMG, Quebera Solutions, Oracle, Sun Microsystems and SABRE.