An Android-based backdoor threat known as GhostCtrl could allow cybercriminals a scary range of capabilities. A successful exploit may enable actors to do everything from using text-to-speech tools and connecting to other devices using Bluetooth to stealing data, researchers recently warned.
The Evolving Threat
The threat was first detailed in a blog post from Trend Micro, which said that GhostCtrl has had at least three iterations but showed unusual capabilities in its latest version. Researchers believed that the backdoor was developed from OmniRAT, a remote access tool (RAT) that first emerged as a security threat in 2015.
Unlike some more limited pieces of malware, there’s a laundry list of things the backdoor could do. This included hanging up on phone calls, recording audio, playing sound effects and resetting passwords, Trend Micro noted.
According to Help Net Security, GhostCtrl may dupe potential victims by posing as popular apps such as “Pokemon Go” or WhatsApp. Once downloaded, however, it launches a malicious Android application package (APK) that uses a wrapper to hide in the background without an icon on the user’s smartphone screen.
GhostCtrl Has Wider Impact, Longer Reach
GhostCtrl represents more than just an annoyance to consumers. It has already been used to target health care organizations in Israel, Bleeping Computer reported, looking for information to offer via underground criminal networks. It can also be used as a ransomware tool, displaying a note demanding money after locking victims out of their devices.
There’s a wealth of information available for the creators of GhostCtrl to hijack, Trend Micro added. Phone records, subscriber identity module (SIM) serial numbers, operating system (OS) versions, browser searches and more — this is a backdoor with long reach. Even if potential victims suspect they’re in danger, the cybercriminals behind it keep running pop-ups until users are worn down and allow installation to take place.
There are still ways for Android users to ward off GhostCtrl, such as hardening security policies in their settings and making use of antivirus tools. Being vigilant is key, however, since the backdoor will display the Android name as it seeks access to the command-and-control (C&C) server to look more like a bona fide process.
Writer & Editor
Shane Schick is a contributor for SecurityIntelligence.