They may be a lot bigger than the average smartphone or desktop, but a researcher recently demonstrated a plethora of security gaps that could expose container ships to cyberthreats. In a blog post, Ken Munro of Pen Test Partners detailed shipping industry security vulnerabilities such as weak passwords, easily exploitable satellite antennae and other misconfigurations that can be identified by conducting a simple search on Shodan, a search engine for internet-connected devices.
Exposing Shipping Industry Security Flaws
At a shipping conference in Athens, Greece, Munro showed a private network terminal that listed the vessel name and identified the entire crew of a naval ship on its login page. Fraudsters usually have to jump through hoops to get those details, but they can deduce this information by simply hovering over the page.
As The Register pointed out, a cybercriminal could use those names to facilitate phishing attacks by learning more about the crew members through social media profiles. Cases of employees accidentally giving threat actors access to corporate networks are common and well-documented, but shipping industry security flaws also affect satellite communications equipment, which contains location data, information related to cargo and more. If crew members fail to use strong authentication, they increase the potential for a data breach.
Getting Security in Ship Shape
One key issue is that industrial control systems (ICS) such as those used on naval ships were designed long before most organizations began to understand cybersecurity or actively monitor emerging threats to their corporate networks. Today, however, those ships are connected to all kinds of technology via Wi-Fi, very small aperture terminal (VSAT) and Global System for Mobile communication/Long-Term Evolution (GSM/LTE), according to SC Magazine.
It’s also important to note that the IT on a ship often runs 24/7. If nothing else, Munro’s research is a wake-up call for shipping industry security: Unless the sector beefs up measures to protect data, the future will be anything but smooth sailing.