Security researchers observed the TA505 threat group delivering two new payloads, the Gelup malware tool and the FlowerPippi backdoor, via spam campaigns.
Trend Micro detected the spam campaign on June 20 targeting users in Japan, the Philippines and Argentina. The attackers crafted their emails to deliver DOC and XLS files containing malicious Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) macros. These scripts, in turn, downloaded FlowerPippi malware, which functioned as a backdoor on infected machines.
That’s not all Trend Micro found. In their analysis of FlowerPippi, the researchers discovered that the spam campaign pushed out another new malware tool called Gelup. Written in C++ and designed to function as a downloader of other malware, Gelup stood out for its obfuscation techniques. Gelup can also bypass User Account Control (UAC) by mocking trusted directories, abusing auto-elevated executables and using the Dynamic Link Library (DLL) side-loading technique.
A Busy Year for the TA505 Threat Group
Gelup — detected by Proofpoint as AndroMut — and FlowerPippi are just some of TA505’s latest innovations. In January, Proofpoint observed the threat group using two new malware tools — the ServHelper backdoor and the FlawedGrace remote access Trojan (RAT) — to target banks, retail businesses and restaurants.
Just a few months later, Cybereason detected a campaign launched by the group that used living-off-the-land binaries (LOLBins) and legitimate Windows operating system (OS) processes to deliver ServHelper.
Around that same time, Trend Micro discovered a campaign in which the threat actor targeted users in Chile and Mexico with samples of the FlawedAmmyy RAT and RMS RAT malware families.
Embrace a Layered Approach to Spam Detection
To help defend against TA505 and its ever-expanding arsenal of malware, start by creating a layered approach to email security that consists of mail scanning, antispam filters and security awareness training. Security teams should also use ahead-of-threat detection to block potentially malicious domains before they become active in phishing attacks and other campaigns.