Security researchers identified two malware distribution campaigns that infect customers of Brazilian financial institutions with banking Trojans.
While Cisco Talos observed that the two ongoing malware campaigns use different file types for the initial download stage and infection process, they also noticed some similarities between the two campaigns.
For instance, both campaigns abuse link-shortening services to disguise their distribution methods and employ the same naming convention for files used during the infection process. Researchers also traced both of the operations back to an email generation tool hosted in an Amazon S3 bucket, which they believe attackers are using to create a botnet.
Cisco Talos determined that the ultimate purpose of the campaigns is to deliver one of two banking Trojans to Brazilian financial institutions. Both of the final payloads exfiltrate data to a command-and-control (C&C) server and come equipped with a keylogger. However, while one Trojan attempts to steal customers’ payment card security codes, the other targets two-factor authentication (2FA) codes.
A Surge in Banking Trojans
News of these campaigns comes amid a surge in banking Trojan activity across a variety of platforms. In the second quarter of 2018, Kaspersky Lab detected 61,045 installation packages for mobile banking Trojans. That number was more than triple the amount observed in Q1 of 2018, and it far surpassed the totals observed over the previous year.
This growth continued through the summer. In August, Check Point noted that attackers had doubled their use of banking Trojans over the previous two months. In particular, researchers tracked increased activity for the Ramnit banking Trojan, a threat that rose to sixth place on Check Point’s August 2018 “Most Wanted Malware” list.
How to Protect Your Organization From Financial Cyberthreats
Security professionals can help defend against campaigns distributing banking Trojans by using endpoint security solutions designed to protect against fraud techniques. In addition, security teams can challenge the spam botnets used to deliver these threats by enabling email filtering and similar protections on corporate systems.