In the past, Microsoft had a problem with bugs affecting different versions of Windows. This kind of thing happened in the era of Windows 95/98, where the use of special filenames could crash the OS. All that was needed was to call for a certain file as an image source, and Windows promptly died.
That problem is back again: Microsoft has a Windows bug in versions older than 10, which could cause a crash necessitating a reboot of the affected system. This time, the special file name is $MFT —
the name given to a special metadata files used by Windows’ NTFS file system. It is found in the root directory of each NTFS volume, but it is by design not available to other software.
Resurfacing a Classic Windows Bug
Softpedia explained that the problem occurs if $MFT is used as a directory name. While direct use of the $MFT file is blocked by Windows, pointing to it in this way is still possible.
Once accessed in this manner, Windows permanently locks the file. The system then causes any attempted program launch to fail, because it will just hang until the file system has been unlocked — something that never happens.
If such a file is given as an image source by a webpage or the like, some browsers, such as Google Chrome, will try to stop the request. But Internet Explorer has no such compunctions and passes the bad request. This will cause a crash or the blue screen of death until a reboot is performed. Microsoft has not yet announced how it intends to resolve the issue.
Microsoft’s Problems Grow
To be fair, Microsoft has had its hands full lately. The Malware Protection Engine used in Windows Defenders had some serious problems that were recently discovered by Google’s Project Zero team.
Bleeping Computer noted that of the eight bugs that were found, five are basic denial-of-service (DoS) flaws that can crash the Malware Protection Engine. Microsoft has released patches for these vulnerabilities that should propagate via auto update as version 1.1.13804.0.
Generally, users are used to dealing with external threats to their systems. It is disheartening when poor design causes internal flaws that others can exploit and are at the discretion of the software manufacturer to fix, but regular patching and adhering to best practices in the meantime can make a difference.