July 15, 2020 By Asheesh Kumar 3 min read

The Oil and Natural Gas Subsector Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (ONG-C2M2) can help oil and natural gas (ONG) organizations evaluate their cybersecurity programs and make improvements. These tools allow owners and operators in the electricity and ONG sectors to assess their cybersecurity capabilities. Additionally, the tool can inform individuals on how to address their needs and invest in improving cybersecurity.

This program supports the ongoing development and measurement of cybersecurity capabilities within the ONG subsector. Here is a quick guide to understanding the basics of the ONG-C2M2 model and its uses.

ONG-C2M2 Model Architecture

The model is a set of industry-vetted cybersecurity practices, grouped into 10 domains and arranged according to maturity level. Each domain is a logical grouping of cybersecurity practices. Each practice is defined and ordered by four maturity indicator levels (MIL0 through MIL3), which apply independently to each domain in the model. The MILs define a dual progression of maturity: approach and institutionalization.



The model can be used to:

  • Strengthen cybersecurity capabilities in the ONG subsector
  • Enable ONG organizations to effectively and consistently evaluate and benchmark cybersecurity capabilities
  • Share knowledge, best practices and relevant references within the subsector as a means to improve cybersecurity capabilities
  • Enable ONG organizations to prioritize actions and investments to improve cybersecurity


Assess Security Operation Center (SOC) with C2M2

Organizations can adopt an iterative approach with four distinct phases when leveraging the C2M2 model to define a cyber resilience program.

1. Evaluation

The evaluation is performed on existing SOC capabilities for people, process and technology based on the threat landscape. All 10 domains will be rated from MIL0 to MIL3 depending on how functions have been deployed. The assessment is carried out using interview sessions and verifying documents. The results are compared with the organization’s ideal maturity level.

2. Gap Analysis for ONG-C2M2

The assessment gaps are analyzed, and specific projects and programs are defined to build or improve maturity. The projects are discussed with the chief information security officer and other security leaders to determine how to best align a plan to their business strategy.

3. Prioritizing Projects 

Projects identified during the gap analysis are prioritized based on risk mitigation and time to value. Each project is analyzed based upon timelines, impact and effort required to complete the project. Timelines can consist of a year or two depending on the number and complexity of projects.

4. Implementing Your Plan for ONG-C2M2

You will build a roadmap to transform your current SOC maturity to a target or to-be state. Your plan should consist of multiple phases.

The initial phase focuses on quick wins to realize an early impact within a short timeline. Future phases should be carried out within a six- to 12-month timeline. Each of these phases will result in increased maturity.

A maturity assessment for SOCs is important to determine if the current tools, technology and processes have the resilience to counter cyber threats. Traditionally, the focus of SOCs has been around maturity in IT; however, now it’s time to assess the operational technology and consider the increase in cyber threats and risks toward this industry.

More from Energy & Utility

The UK energy sector faces an expanding OT threat landscape

3 min read - Critical infrastructure is under attack in almost every country, but especially in the United Kingdom. The UK was the most attacked country in Europe, which is already the region most impacted by cyber incidents. The energy industry is taking the brunt of those cyberattacks, according to IBM’s X-Force Threat Intelligence Index 2024.The energy sector is a favorite target for threat actors. The complexity of systems and the reliance on legacy OT systems make them easy prey. Because of the critical…

Third-party breaches hit 90% of top global energy companies

3 min read - A new report from SecurityScorecard reveals a startling trend among the world’s top energy companies, with 90% suffering from data breaches through third parties over the last year. This statistic is particularly concerning given the crucial function these companies serve in everyday life.Their increased dependence on digital systems facilitates the increase in attacks on infrastructure networks. This sheds light on the need for these energy companies to adopt a proactive approach to securing their networks and customer information.2023 industry recap:…

Today’s biggest threats against the energy grid

2 min read - Without the U.S. energy grid, life as we know it simply grinds to a halt. Businesses can’t serve customers. Homes don’t have power. Traffic lights no longer work. We depend on the grid operating reliably each and every day for business and personal tasks. That makes it even more crucial to defend our energy grid from modern threats. Physical threats to the energy grid Since day one, the grid has been vulnerable from a physical perspective. Storms knocking the grid…

Topic updates

Get email updates and stay ahead of the latest threats to the security landscape, thought leadership and research.
Subscribe today