Johnson City officials revealed that a ransomware attack affected some of the Tennessee municipality’s computer systems.
On Oct. 21, a Johnson City employee showed a ransom note left by the ransomware attackers to city IT Director Lisa Sagona. The message asked city officials to contact an email in exchange for payment instructions. Toward that end, the note claimed that the ransomware had encrypted the city government’s backups to dissuade the municipality from attempting to recover its data by any means other than paying for a decryption key.
Upon learning of the incident, Sagona, her staff and support personnel from Bailey Computing Technologies asked all employees to turn off their computers. They also launched an investigation into what had happened, which revealed that the ransomware had affected approximately half of the municipality’s computers.
Even so, the attack could have been much worse. The fact that the employee followed protocol in reporting the incident, in addition to a recent investment in a new hyperconverged storage network earlier in the year, helped prevent a worse outcome. Sagona told WJHL that the municipality didn’t lose anything in the ransomware attack, and that the modern IT system saved her and her staff a few days and a week’s worth of information as they began the process of restoring affected machines.
What Is a Hyperconverged Storage Network?
Hyperconverged storage networks consist of a single system that manages a physical unit, which combines storage, compute, virtualization and networking technologies into one.
Securing these types of networks comes with its own set of challenges: According to TechTarget, malicious actors could theoretically abuse their shared nature using a single root attack to compromise all converged systems and data. Even so, hyperconverged storage networks often come with built-in security features, including self-encrypting drives and other tools that provide visibility into potential threats.
Ransomware’s Growing Impact on Municipalities
The attack against Johnson City fits into ransomware’s ongoing dominance of the cyberthreat landscape. Indeed, Europol revealed in a report that ransomware remained the top threat in 2019, partially as a result of malicious actors’ growing preference for targeted attacks. Emsisoft observed a similar shift from opportunistic to more targeted campaigns between the second and third quarters of 2019.
Many of those publicly reported ransomware attacks claimed municipalities as their victims. Barracuda found that government organizations had accounted for nearly two-thirds of all ransomware attacks leading up to September 2019. A month later, Emsisoft revealed that 68 different state and municipal organizations had suffered ransomware attacks so far this year.
These figures are troubling, especially given Coveware‘s finding that the average ransomware payment nearly tripled between the first and second quarters of 2019. While security experts recommend not paying ransomware criminals, some municipalities that have fallen victim to ransomware attacks have still resorted to making large ransom payments.
Lessons From the Johnson City Ransomware Attack
Security professionals working in both municipal settings and at private organizations can help defend against a ransomware attack by investing in a robust security awareness training program that educates employees about phishing attacks and other digital threats. They should also implement and regularly test a data backup strategy to make sure they can follow Johnson City’s lead and recover their data if they ever suffer an infection.
David Bisson is an infosec news junkie and security journalist. He works as Contributing Editor for Graham Cluley Security News and Associate Editor for Trip...